Acre State is located in the northwestern frontier of Brazil, neighboring Amazon and Ceara in Brazil, and bordering Peru and Bolivia outside, with a total area of 150,000 Square kilometers, named after the abundance of rubber. At the beginning of the 20th century, during the heyday of the rubber industry, the rubber produced in the state of Acre was the second largest export product in Brazil after coffee, and contributed 40% of Brazil's foreign exchange income. With a total area of 8.54 million square kilometers in Brazil, the tiny state of Acre can account for half of its foreign exchange income, which shows the importance of the state of Acre. But in fact, this wealthy land did not originally belong to Brazil.
Before 1903, Acre State was the Acre Province of Bolivia. Acre’s rubber revenue is very important to Brazil, as is Bolivia. Bolivia’s national strength is weak, In South America, it is almost at the bottom. Compared to Brazil, Bolivia definitely needs Acre more. But in 1903, Bolivia reached an agreement with Brazil to exchange 190,000 square kilometers of Acre Province for Brazil. 3000 square kilometers of land.
190,000 for 3,000, this is undoubtedly a loss-making business, so why does Bolivia exchange with Brazil? Is it because Brazil has a gold mine? In fact, this is not the case, this land used by Brazil for exchange , Lack of resources, far inferior to Akri’s wealth, Bolivia’s agreement to exchange is really helpless. Once upon a time, Bolivia tried every means to keep Akri, and even used the most stupid method, but in the end It was destroyed one by one by Brazil.
According to the colonial era, Acre does Belongs to Bolivia, but at the beginning of independence, the rubber industry was not developed. Few Bolivians were willing to settle in Acre. Therefore, for a long time, Acre Province was a piece of woodland off the beaten track. Due to lack of benefits, Bolivia was This forest has been neglected and has no effective defense at all. As a result, in 1877, a drought occurred in the northeastern region of Brazil, and a large number of victims from Ceara State flooded into Acre. The Acre region was rich in rainfall, and the victims were slightly affected. After the development, it showed a prosperous scene, so these Brazilian victims soon settled in the Acre area.
Later because the main residents of Acre were Brazilians, Brazil made a territorial claim to Bolivia. At first, Bolivia did not agree, and often sent troops to Acre to drive out the Brazilians, but was defeated by the Brazilians. In the end, there was really no way, Bolivia thought of a bad idea, and even handed over the management of Acre to the American consortium, hoping to use the power of the United States to put pressure on Brazil. The American consortium was attracted by rubber interests, and it really took the bait and was ready to invest heavily. Acre, but Brazil only used one measure, and the US consortium immediately drew a line with Bolivia.
This strategy is to block Bolivia’s access to the sea. Rubber exports need to use an outlet. But since being defeated by Chile in 1883, Bolivia has lost its access to the Pacific coast and has become a landlocked country. Therefore, if Bolivia wants to continue its export business, it must use the ports of Peru and Brazil. So Brazil negotiated with Peru and blocked Bolivia’s sea route. As a result, even if the rubber was given to the Americans for nothing, they would not be able to ship it out. Brazil's move is like drawing a salary from the bottom of the pan. Bolivia does not want to be trapped, so it can only be softened.
The final result was as expected by Brazil. Bolivia is a resource exporting country, and export restrictions have caused a huge blow to Bolivia. In the end Bolivia could only accept Brazil’s agreement, and in return, Brazil also granted The right to use a port in Bolivia enabled Bolivia’s resources to pass through Brazilian ports and export to the Atlantic coast. Finally, Brazil gave Peru 40,000 square kilometers of Acre land to thank Peru. So far, the three countries have been between the three countries. The boundary division of is completely a foregone conclusion.