The five Nordic countries are a special existence: they are separated from the center of the world and generally do not participate in external disputes. The capitalist economy is highly developed, the level of social security is at the forefront of the world, and there is still a strong army. For long-term maintenance of the status of a neutral country, the United States can only draw in rather than use strong. Iceland is the most special existence among the five Nordic countries, and it is also one of the few countries in the world that does not have a standing army.
Iceland is located in the Norwegian Sea between the British Isles and Greenland. The northern part is close to the Arctic Circle. It covers an area of about 100,000 square kilometers, and 1/8 of the land is perennial Although it is located in a high latitude area, but affected by the warm North Atlantic current, the temperature in winter is not low and it is more suitable for human living. The country has a population of 350,000, and the density is much higher than that of northern Canada at the same latitude. Historically, Iceland has successively It has become a dependent country of Norway and Denmark and has not existed alone. In 1944, the US military declared independence after occupying Denmark and established the Republic of Iceland. The economy is dominated by aluminum smelting and fishery products processing, with a per capita GDP of 70,000 U.S. dollars, ranking among the top in the world. /p>
The special feature of Iceland is that there is no army. According to the constitution, Iceland does not have an army and has reached a defense cooperation agreement with other countries. There is only one coast guard and flying team in the country, which is similar in nature to the armed police of our country and is not included in the Wehrmacht combat sequence. About 100 people, equipped with 3 thousand-ton cruisers and small aircraft, are responsible for protecting fishing areas and rescue missions at sea. After Iceland's independence, due to conflicts with the United Kingdom because of cod fishing, three cod wars broke out and British fishing boats were driven out of Iceland for 200 nautical miles. Outside the sea, and won the support of the European Community. Under pressure, Britain had to admit IcelandDelineated exclusive marine area of 200 nautical miles.
Iceland has no conflict of interest with other neighboring countries. The biggest enemy is the United Kingdom. . However, Iceland and the United Kingdom belong to NATO. The treaty stipulates that as long as one of its member states is attacked, it will be regarded as all members being attacked, and the members of other countries are obliged to assist the attacked member to fight back. Therefore, the conflict between Iceland and the United Kingdom belongs toInternal conflicts. If Iceland is attacked by countries other than NATO, Britain is obliged to send troops to assist. NATO currently has 29 member states, which means that Iceland is protected by the armed forces of 28 countries.
Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the United States has been invited to be stationed in Iceland to be responsible for its defense. There are about 850 troops stationed, and 4 F-15 fighters. year 2006,The United States ended its defense agreement with Iceland and completely withdrew from Iceland. Iceland has also reached a defense agreement with Norway and Denmark, and the two countries provide defense protection. Although the US military has withdrawn from Iceland, it still bears the obligation to protect Iceland under the NATO agreement. Iceland and the other four countries in Northern Europe are in the same spirit and advance and retreat together in international affairs and are regarded as one. Even if all the troops are abolished, no one in the world would dare to embarrass this country.