Iran announces breaking the “maximum limit“ of enriched uranium, European efforts to mediate the Iran nuclear crisis

2020-07-31 08:35:15 0 Comment 1936 views
abstract

Foreign media said that Iran announced on July 7 that it would increase its uranium enrichment level, thereby breaking another restriction in the nucl

Foreign media said that Iran announced on July 7 that it would increase its uranium enrichment level, thereby breaking another restriction in the nuclear agreement reached with the world powers in 2015. This move will also further exacerbate tensions between Tehran and the United States.

According to a report by the Associated Press on July 7, Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabie said at a press conference that Iran’s enriched uranium abundance would exceed the upper limit of 3.67% on the same day. The abundance "will depend on our needs", but he did not specify.

It is reported that Iran made this decision one year after US President Trump unilaterally withdrew from the Iran nuclear agreement. Iran has repeatedly warned Europe in recent weeks that it is about to abandon the nuclear agreement because the United States’ maximum sanctions have rendered the agreement useless.

Less than a week ago, Iran admitted that it had broken the nuclear agreement's restriction on its low-enriched uranium stocks not exceeding 300 kg. Experts warned that abundanceThe increase in temperature and inventory will shorten the time it takes for Iran to obtain enough materials for the atomic bomb. Iran denies that it wants an atomic bomb.

According to a report by the Associated Press on July 7, Iran’s deputy foreign minister said that his country considers the nuclear agreement reached with world powers in 2015 to be an “valid document” and seeks to extend the agreement.

Abbas Araghei said this when attending a press conference on July 7. At the press conference, officials said that Iran will increase the abundance of enriched uranium above the limit allowed by the nuclear agreement.

Reported that despite breaking another restriction of the 2015 agreement, Iran appears to be showing flexibility.

The deputy foreign minister said that Iran is willing to negotiate with Europe and the United States can join the negotiations.

In addition, according to a report by the German News Agency on July 6, Iranian President Rouhani stated on July 6 that he is ready to save the nuclear agreement and restart the USParticipate in negotiations. His country is ready to start violating a key provision of the nuclear agreement in a few hours.

However, Rouhani said during a call with French President Macron that as a precondition, the United States must lift all sanctions.

He said: "Ending all sanctions will allow new progress between Iran and the six countries." The six countries refer to the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany. They joined Iran in 2015. A nuclear agreement was reached.

Just a few hours before Iran started the second phase of the partial withdrawal of the nuclear agreement, Rouhani said this.

It is reported that the nuclear agreement stipulates that the abundance upper limit of Iran’s enriched uranium is 3.67%. This abundance is sufficient for civilian nuclear activities, including power generation and medical research, but not enough to make nuclear bombs.

The report also stated that Iran will no longer abide by the restriction from July 7.

According to Russian Satellite News Agency’s report on July 7, Iranian President Rouhani’s official website issued a statement stating that Rouhani’s telephone conversation with French President Macron stated that the US sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran are “terrorist” "Ism" and "complete economic war".

Rohani pointed out that the US sanctions against Iran are "terrorist acts and a thorough economic war." He said: "Continuing this economic war will lead to other threats in the region and the world."

The President of Iran said that despite the sanctions imposed by the United States, in the past 14 months, Iran has used its "strategic Patience is still trying to maintain the nuclear agreement. The statement said that Iran’s recent measures are in full compliance with the agreement and “call on the EU to fulfill its obligations in accordance with relevant international agreements and UN resolutions.”

Macron worked hard to mediate the Iranian nuclear crisis

According to an Associated Press report on July 6, French President Macron stated that he is working hard to figure out a way to resume dialogue between Iran and its Western partners before July 15.

Macron’s office issued a statement saying that on July 6, the French leader had a conversation with Iranian President Rouhani for more than an hour.

Macron said that he is deeply concerned about the weakening of the Iran nuclear agreement signed in 2015.

Macron said that they will "explore the preconditions for the resumption of dialogue between the parties from now to July 15." The statement did not elaborate.

Reported that after Trump announced in 2018 that the United States withdrew from the nuclear agreement, Europe has been doing everything possible to save the agreement.

The report also said that Iran has set July 7 as the deadline for Europe to propose new terms of the agreement and threatened to accelerate uranium enrichment.

AlsoAccording to a Reuters report on July 6, French President Macron told the Iranian President on July 6 that he was deeply concerned about any further weakening of the 2015 nuclear agreement and warned that any such move would be inevitable. To bring consequences.

The French Presidential Palace issued a statement saying: “The President once again expressed deep concern about the risk of further weakening of the 2015 nuclear agreement and the inevitable consequences.” But it is not clear what the statement refers to. What are the consequences. Officials in Macron's office did not elaborate on this.

Some European diplomats said that further violations of the agreement may prompt the European parties that signed the agreement-France, the United Kingdom and Germany-to trigger the dispute settlement mechanism set out in the agreement, which may eventually lead to Re-implement the UN sanctions.

Macron, who is eager to keep the door open for dialogue, said even though July 7 is the deadline, But he has reached an agreement with Rouhani to discuss the conditions for the "resumption of dialogue between the parties" between now and July 15. However, the statement did not explain why the deadline was limited to July 15, nor did it further elaborate on other details.

Furthermore, according to a report by Agence France-Presse on July 7, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu said on July 7 that Iran announced that it would break the abundance of enriched uranium set by a threatening nuclear agreement. Upper limit, this is a "very dangerous step".

Netanyahu opposed the Iran nuclear agreement and urged US President Trump to withdraw from the agreement, and Trump eventually did the same.

According to a report on July 7 by the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Iran proposed to stop fulfilling its nuclear agreement obligations if Europe does not provide effective assistance, and the deadline will come on the 7th. Under the pressure of the United States, which has adopted a hard-line attitude towards Iran, Britain, Germany and France failed to come up with effective countermeasures. July 4, UKThe navy seized Iranian oil tankers, causing tensions between the two countries to increase. Iran has decided to increase the abundance of enriched uranium, and the situation may deteriorate further.

According to the report, facilitating the signing of the nuclear agreement between the six countries and Iran is one of the few diplomatic achievements that Europe has achieved in recent years. If the nuclear agreement collapses, the situation in the Middle East may become more unstable, and Europe, which is geographically closer, will face urgent problems such as the influx of refugees.

Iran announces breaking the “maximum limit“ of enriched uranium, European efforts to mediate the Iran nuclear crisis

On July 7, Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization spokesman Kamalwandi (left), government spokesman Rabie (middle), and Deputy Foreign Minister Araghi attended a joint press conference in Tehran. (Iran Tasnim News Agency)

avatar