Deep-sea reporter Qi Xu and Wei Wei
As the saying goes, distant relatives are not as good as neighbors. However, the relationship between South Korea and Japan, the entangled "neighborhood", has become more and more furious recently.
Last year’s "comfort women" compensation and fire control radar exposure incidents have not been resolved. The leaders of the two countries basically "ignored each other" at the G20 Osaka Summit at the end of last month... And because Japan suddenly announced exports to South Korea After strengthening the control of semiconductor raw materials and starting to remove South Korea from the "white list" of imported Japanese high-tech products, the two countries have almost "tipped their faces".
Compared with the restraint of the governments of the two countries, the people’s suppression of dissatisfaction for a long time seems to have suddenly found a breakthrough. Especially the people in South Korea, the anti-Japanese sentiment was suddenly stimulated: not only the "boycott of Japanese goods" movement was vigorous. The local online goes online and offline, and the Koreans also "blood letters" asking the government"Frontal Hard Bar" Japan.
However, for the Blue House, whose economic situation is a bit bad in the tide of anti-globalization, how to solve the problem of economic development being restricted by others is extremely urgent, especially when this "person" is Japan with new and old hatred.
( ) Do not buy or sell Japanese goods
In the deepest hearts of many Koreans, Japan is a country that "shame to face". Last year a lot of problems remained unresolved. President Moon Jae-in gave Japan a face and attended the G20 summit in Osaka. However, Japan still ignored the feelings of neighboring countries and insisted on shooting a "family portrait" in front of the controversial Osaka Castle. Although Moon Jae-in, who looked "serious" in the end, reluctantly agreed to take the photo, in the eyes of Koreans, this is another "new account."
Unexpectedly, before the Koreans launched a condemnation, Japan actually "preemptive strike" after the summit and implemented "precise strikes" against the South Korean semiconductor field. This new hatred and old hatred are superimposed on the nationalism of the Korean people. The emotions were suddenly ignited.
Recently, the bold "NO" poster consisting of a capital black N and a red solid circle symbolizing Japan has become popular throughout the Internet, requiring Japanese brands to be "blackened"The voice keeps on.
Some supermarkets in Seoul, South Korea took the initiative to remove beer, cigarettes and other products from Japan. Best seller? No exceptions! The shelves were also marked with a striking slogan of "Do not sell or buy Japanese products" in Korean and English.
Not only do not buy Not for sale", South Korean protesters will also step on Japanese brands. onLast weekend, protesters gathered in front of the Japanese Embassy in South Korea. They laid out paper boxes on the ground with trademarks of well-known Japanese brands such as Uniqlo, Mitsubishi and Honda. The protesters stomped them down. To vent their anger. "As a Korean citizen, boycotting Japanese goods is our mission." Kim Sung-min, chairman of the Korea Marketing Association, said in an interview.
Social media is an important channel for Korean netizens to vent their dissatisfaction. Recently, Internet users on major forums in South Korea have posted more and more messages about boycotting Japanese goods. "Boycott of Japanese goods" has become a hot word for Naver, the largest search engine in South Korea.
The official website of the South Korean government’s Blue House also has a platform dedicated to the public for petitions. This place has also been “occupied” by netizens’ petitions against Japan to show their support for the government. At present, in the column of “Diplomacy/Unification/National Defense”, the “I ask the government to retaliate against Japan’sThe number of petitions for economic sanctions reached 33,570, which is the top 1 petition under this column.
The petition supporting the third largest number also involves Japan-South Korea relations. The initiator of this petition said, “Drive on the road Japanese cars hurt my feelings.” I hope that stickers can be affixed to all vehicles to let more people know and participate in the boycott day.The movement of goods.
() Japan tour? not going!
In addition, there are also South Korean people calling on South Koreans not to travel to Japan.
Regardless of the convenience of transportation and the habit of eating, Japan has always been one of the popular tourist destinations of Koreans. In the past 8 years, the number of Korean tourists to Japan increased from 1.66 million in 2011 to 7.54 million in 2018. Walking on the streets of Tokyo and Osaka in Japan, tourists who speak Korean can be met everywhere.
Next year, Japan will host the Summer Olympics, and the 2025 World Expo will also be held in Osaka, Japan. During this year's G20 summit, the Japanese government tried its best to advertise for the Osaka World Expo.
The more you care, the more I resist. "Boycott the Summer Olympics to be held in Japan next yearThe “Meeting” petition was also supported by many people on the official website of the Blue House in South Korea.
In fact, since the continued deterioration of relations between the two countries last year, the number of Korean tourists to Japan has decreased for the first time in eight years. This year In the first five months, South Korean tourists have dropped by nearly 5%. Forecast data show that the number of Korean tourists going to Japan will further decrease this year. This also "drags" tourism related to Japan, including South Korea’s largest travel agency, Hana Travel Agency. Stock price.
() The old hatred and the new hatred.
Although they are both allies of the United States and co-hosted the 2002 World Cup in Japan and South Korea, it is too early The national travel visa exemption is realized, but once the historical issue is touched, raging anger can be ignited between the two neighboring countries at any time, and the essence of "surface brothers" is fully exposed.
For Japan, Koreans’ feelings are a bit subtle: it’s beautyThe beautiful country of cherry blossoms is a good place for tourism, a spokesperson of civilized order, and a developed country worth learning; but it is also an "aggressor" that has brought deep suffering to North and South Korea.
In history, Japan’s ravages on the Korean Peninsula have left South Koreans unable to let go. The G20 family portrait selection in front of the Osaka Castle built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who once led the army to invade the Korean peninsula, immediately aroused the sensitive nerves of the South Koreans and caused an uproar in public opinion, which can explain the problem.
The "comfort women" who were forcibly conscripted by the Japanese army during the Second World War have suffered eternal pain between the two nations. Former President Park Geun-hye reached a "friendship agreement" with Abe to shelve the issue of "comfort women" during his tenure, which was once regarded as a major reason for her to step down. After Moon Jae-in came to power, he believed that this so-called "friendship agreement" did not specify Japan. The government’s legal responsibility, and the official apology and compensation to the victims, are therefore not recognized. But inIn Japan's view, such "repentance" is unacceptable. And the beginning of the deterioration of relations between the two countries since last year is precisely because of this.
In addition, the same scarce resources and the urgent need to fight for overseas markets...All these make Koreans even more love-hateful when facing Japan's neighbor. When describing Japan, the Korean media often describe the Japanese government and Japanese companies as competitors in the export market, stubborn colonialists, and cunning targets of business warfare. When the overseas sales of electronic products such as Samsung and LG surpassed those of Panasonic and Sony, they were once hailed as "industry victory" by the Korean media; and when the "Korean wave culture" became popular among Japanese young people, it would be regarded by the Korean media as Another kind of "victory" by South Korea over Japan. If Japanese anime rises in popularity among Korean young people, it will make older Koreans feel uneasy...
Looking deeper, similar geography Position allows these two countries to be the "leader" of the United StatesWhen it comes to seeking strategic importance, there is also a competitive situation, especially after Trump took office, South Korea’s importance in its geopolitical balance has increased significantly, and Moon Jae-in’s shuttle diplomacy in North Korea-US relations has also shown After the irreplaceable key role, this kind of geo-strategic "competition" sentiment permeated the media between Japan and South Korea.
And this time, Japan’s "precise strike" in the semiconductor field has even more pained the complex nationalist sentiments of the Koreans. Although the removal of Japanese goods from supermarkets has brought some changes to daily life, most of the Korean people shopping in supermarkets still support: "Through history, they are the ones who made the mistake. Why should they retaliate against us?"
South Korea People also learned from the pain and began to think about how South Korea, which has continued its 54-year trade deficit with Japan, can reverse the situation and compete with Japan. Learning to "self-reliance" is obviously one of the ways out. Yonhap News Agency pointed out in a report on the 7th that optical instruments, precision Among imported parts and materials such as instruments, semiconductors, integrated circuit production equipment, electronic device chips and controllers, Japanese products account for an overwhelming share, while South Korea’s surplus with Japan is mainly mineral raw materials, natural pearls,Fish, etc. can find alternative species in other countries. To this end, South Korea’s ruling party, the Common Democratic Party, the Blue House, and government departments recently stated after discussions that the government will invest about US$850 million each year to promote the localization of semiconductor materials, parts and equipment, and the diversification of raw material import channels. This news encouraged South Korean chip material manufacturers, and their stock prices rose.
However, "If it is a problem that can be solved with money, it will not be delayed until now." Cheng Taiyin, a professor of economics at Yonsei University in South Korea, still poured cold water on the government, after all, training talents and mastering Technology is a long-term issue. But it is always good to act. South Korea’s shift has begun to cause public opinion in Japan to worry about whether Japan’s dominant position in the semiconductor field will be shaken as a result, requiring the government to be cautious.
"Now is the time to show the strength of the Koreans." A South Korean netizen said on the petition initiated by the Blue House official websiteWrite.
However, senior U.S. government officials, including Pompeo, have begun to express concern about the deterioration of relations between Japan and South Korea. Some analysts believe that once the "leader" comes forward to mediate, Japan and South Korea, whose political alliance foundation has not been fundamentally shaken, will not be too difficult or too slow to regain surface harmony.
This article is supported by the Tree Project, produced by [Deep Sea Area], and exclusively published on Toutiao today. No unauthorized reprinting is allowed