No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

2020-08-01 15:12:22 0 Comment 2625 views
abstract

1075- Brazil Water Pollution Author: Howard Marshal mapping: Sun Green / proofreading: cat Stuttgart / Editor: Speaking of cotton coastal cities of Ri

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

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Earth knowledge Bureau - Brazil Water pollution

NO.1075- Brazil Water pollution

author: Howard Marshal

Drawing: Sun Lu / Proofreading: Cat Stu / Editing: Cotton

SpeakingWhat do you think of Rio de Janeiro, a large coastal city in Brazil?

The god statue overlooking the city, the young men and women playing volleyball on the golden beach, the hot girls dancing in the bar... all of this is indeed the signature of Rio, and it continues to attract tourists from all over the world Come here to hunt for wonder and beauty. Rio has also won the title of the United Nations Best City for Outdoor Sports by virtue of these intoxicating elements.

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

A city of God far away from God

(Picture (From [email protected])

But all this seems to have gone forever. With the continuous expansion of the city of Rio, pollution has also followed, which seriously threatens the health of local people and gives Tourists who came to chase their dreams left a bad impression.

And tragedies like this have appeared one after another in big cities across Brazil.

The world in the slums.

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The best way for foreign tourists to go to Rio de Janeiro is to fly to Rio-Galeao International Airport, and then take a car to the city.

It is actually an airport built on the island

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Galeao is the area where the airport is located in Rio de Janeiro

(picture from [email protected] da Copa /Governo Federal Brasileiro / Daniel Basil)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

However, from the moment of landing, the cityIt will not leave a good impression on people. Almost all Rio travel guides emphasize on the first page: Please close the window when you leave the airport to prevent you from becoming a victim. This is mainly for tourists who are easily robbed by robbers in the surrounding slums, but in fact, without this sentence, people would obediently roll up the car windows because the smell outside the windows is really unbearable.

In fact, the situation on the island is okay

But there will be a lot of slums across the water

(Image from Google map, DigitalGlobe)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

Rio Airport Governado Island is the largest island in Guanabara Bay near Rio. This bay is the ocean's help for Rio to become a world-class city. The first group of Portuguese people found Rio de Janeiro because they took refuge in the bay. The sunny and sandy beaches around the bay are also the golden signs of Rio.

Governado Island is the largest island in Guanabara Bay

The main urban area of ​​Rio is on the west coast of Guanabara Bay.

There are large areas in the northeast Of wetlands

(Image from Google map)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

However, Guanabara Bay is no longer as brave as it used to be, especially at the mouth of a large river, where beaches and green plants are rapidly degrading , Replaced by garbage made by 10 million Brazilians along the Gulf coast. From dilapidated sofas, discarded televisions and computers, to the smelly domestic garbage in plastic bags, it's so much more.

Macaku River estuary on the northeast coast of Guanabara Bay

Residents need more and moreLand

Want to develop every inch of the coast of the entire bay

(Image from Google map, DigitalGlobe)

Of course, the sandy beaches in the east and south of Rio are still beautiful. This is because it is an important tourist facade in the area and the authorities have been working hard to maintain it. But from Rio toGoing north and entering other areas of Rio State, the situation is less optimistic.

For example, this stretch of beach opposite the famous Bread Mountain

is already Rio’s business card

It is indeed one of the best shots of the southern beaches of Rio. Location

Galeao is the area where the airport is located in Rio de Janeiro

(picture from [email protected])

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

For example, the Iguazu River that flows into the Guanabara Bay in the north of Rio City, its main tributary, Rio Sarapui (Rio Sarapui) is a polluted place The hardest-hit area. This river is one of the more than 50 rivers around Guanabara Bay with the largest water volume. It provides about 10% of the fresh water supply for the bay—fresh water supply with garbage and pollutants.

If there is a serious problem of private dumping of garbage along the way

The water quality in the downstream is indeed worrying

(Along the Sarapui River)

(Image from Google map, DigitalGlobe)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

Because they are far away from the central city of Rio, the locals mainly live in the fascinating Brazilian slums. The houses in the slums are built by themselves, and they basically cannot enjoy the public services of the big cities. Not connected to the municipal sewage system.

But the wires can be pulled all over the mountains...

(picture from [email protected])

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

This seems to be an unthinkable thing in modern society, but in Brazil, it is commonplace. This is because the local slums are often tied to drug gangs, and they often use the slums The advantage of being built on a mountain with dense and complex houses has transformed it into a labyrinth-like fortress, leaving only two entrances and exits on the mountain and under the mountain, strictly guarded, except for residents and drug dealers, living people are basically unable to approach. They are considered to be related to the government, even more inaccessible, as if they were independentOf the small kingdom.

The army may not find the way when it comes.

(Picture from [email protected]ênciaBrasil)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

In addition to the water supply and drainage system, the garbage storage system in the slums is also a mess. Municipal garbage trucks cannot enter. The local people can only discharge the garbage directly to the annex with dirty water.In the nearby river, let the flowing water take everything away.

In the beginning, the flowing water can take away some things, and it is not clear to the eye, but after a long time, a lot of garbage accumulates downstream, and the original big river becomes a smelly gutter. In the rainy season from October to April (Rio is a city in the southern hemisphere, summer is in the second half of the year), surface runoff formed by rain will also wash the poor people's urine and urine into the river.

It is simply the Brazilian version of Kowloon Walled City

(the famous Rocinha slum)

(picture from [email protected] Baravelli)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

In addition , Guanabara Bay is also an important industrial base in Brazil. There are more than 17,000 factories in the surrounding area. The industries involved include petroleum, refining, plastics, textiles, pharmaceuticals, paper making, etc., all of which are major polluters. In Brazil’s environmental protection laws Flexible law enforcement has become a general background of habit. These factories also discharge sewage to the bay at will, further worsening the pollution situation.

The Iguazu River mentioned above

In fact, it enters the sea. Next to it is the refinery

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

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Wiping buttocks is a problem

It is not difficult to see that Rio’s water pollution stems from the disorderly and rapid urbanization process of large cities. Since the 1950s, Brazilian citizens have Companies have begun to flock to major coastal cities such as Rio and Sao Paulo. This is not uncommon in emerging economies, but due to the special national conditions of Latin American countries, they often fall into the predicament where the government cannot intervene and the people live in peace.

Some people live on the mountain, some people live under the mountain

(Image from Google map)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

The authorities have also made efforts to build in places far away from slums that pollute key rivers Municipal sewage treatment plants, improve water quality through downstream offsite treatment. In the Jardim Silvana area in the middle reaches of the Sarapui River, there is a large sewage plant with a designed treatment capacity to solve the domestic sewage of 300,000 residents.

Process 3Is 0W enough water for residents? Not enough

(Image from Google map, DigitalGlobe)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

However, there are about 600,000 residents in the basin of this river, far exceeding the treatment capacity of the sewage plant. The poor people in Tufayi also set up many culverts to bypass the sewage treatment plant and directly discharge the sewage into the water. And byDue to improper municipal planning and coordination, there is also the largest landfill in South America near the sewage treatment plant. When the rainy season, the leachate, electrolyte and heavy metals from the landfill enter the river with the rain. A sewage plant is really a drop in the bucket.

Not sure if it’s this place...very close to the processing plant

(Image from Google map, DigitalGlobe)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

As a result of the continuous deterioration of the environment, in 2015, American environmentalists discovered a superbug CBP in the most famous beach of Copacabana in southern Rio. Bacteria survived the competition with a large number of other microorganisms and have developed antibiotic resistance. Further research found that it is hospital wastewater that makes CBP resistant.

It turns out that Rio even has medical waste. "Flexible Law Enforcement".

Super bacteria discovered in health resorts?

(Image from Google map)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

This Everything became the most troublesome problem for the municipal government on the eve of the Rio Olympics. Originally Rio was based on the beautiful natural environment and high-quality outdoor sports to obtain the right to host the Olympics, but after various research results were exposed, the international community has questioned. Can Rio protect the health of water athletes.

Remember me...

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

In the second half of 2016, Remedial measures have finally arrived late. Local governments have built a number of "ecological barriers", which are actually a number of giant filters set up at key river mouths to block garbage. The garbage that passes through the grille is caught by the "eco-boats" that constantly patrol. When the pursuit task is not heavy, the "eco ship" is responsible for digging out the visible garbage that has been piled up in the river mouth.

The city government also plans to build small sewage treatment plants in some key river mouths to make the effluent cleaner. As a result, by the time the Olympics opened, only one factory started to operate.

Obviously, such a treatment does not satisfy the athletes. Once won the women’s sailing boat at the London OlympicsThe bronze medalist Evi van Acker (Evi van Acker) told the media that he suffered from stomach problems after training in Guanabara Bay. Although the doctor could not conclude that this was due to water pollution, it was obvious that she would not be too high on Brazil since then.

The Rio official does not recognize it

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

Local residents But to the governmentThe tension is not tangible. Anyway, the Olympic champions will not come to their slums, they will be robbed and fled when they come, and the municipal staff will not come back, so they will dig a dig with a wire.

If the Olympic champion does not come, Obama will come

(Picture from Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

But Obama can’t solve the sewer problem when Obama is here

I should dig it myself

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

Can’t run anywhere else

If you think serious water pollution is just a problem in a city in Rio, then It’s too naive. The big cities along the coast of Brazil are hardly immune to water pollution.of.

São Paulo, Brazil’s largest city, was once regarded as a model for the development of the southern economy. There is a huge amount of water in the Rio Tietê and its tributary, Rio Pinheiros. Because of its huge water volume, it also ushered in Brazil's first hydroelectric power station. As a result, there was a water supply crisis in the first two years.

The Pinheiros River joins the Tiete River here

The Tiete River can be said to be the mother river of Sao Paulo

(Image from Google map, DigitalGlobe)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

2015 , There was a drought in southeastern Brazil. The reservoir system around São Paulo ushered in a rare drop in water level in history, and the city’s water supply was difficult. At the most difficult time, water supply services could only be provided two days a week. In order to save water, local schools Students are forbidden to brush their teeth, and use sandwiches as meal replacements to avoid washing dishes. Even high-end hotels have no water, and people lie on luxurious beds with the "scents" they have accumulated for many days, and go to sleep slimy.

The locals jokingly claim that they are not as good as a dog.

The latitudes of Rio and São Paulo are close to Guangzhou, China

If you can’t take a bath, it’s really scary

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

The reason is that water depletion caused by drought is very important, but water quality caused by serious river pollution The issue of water scarcity is equally important. As the local industrial wastewater and domestic wastewater are directly discharged into the river, the rainforest with water and soil conservation and self-purification functions around the city has been cut down, and the quality and quantity of the river's running water are worrying. People can only use the purified stagnant water stored in the reservoir. Once the dry season is encountered, the flowIt couldn't stand the impact at all, and the huge industrialized city suddenly became a dead city without water.

In the northern city of Recife, the situation is not much better. The largest river in the area is Rio Tejipió. Its downstream estuary has been basically blocked by plastic waste. The municipal government has been discussing how to dispose of it since the end of the last century, and has not come up with an implementable plan. This forced the local poor to start arduous self-help under the leadership of the church organization, trying to turn plastic garbage into raw materials for roads, houses, and artworks.

If the governance is good, there is actually a lot of water

The coastal part is even like a Brazilian Venice

(picture from [email protected] da Copa/ME)

No one can care about the garbage in this country, and the resort is also polluted | Earth Knowledge Bureau

This kind of plastic eroded river area is naturally a problem. Since the 1990s, Recife has entered the age of groundwater, and people have been fighting in the city. Hundreds of deep wells are used to draw groundwater.

The water safety of a modern industrial and commercial city with millions of people relies on ancient wells, which is a sad thing.

Protecting green waters and green mountains is a major issue that must be seriously considered for any emerging economy. This is not onlyIt is to leave a land of sustainable development for future generations. In fact, it is the only guarantee for the quality of life of our own generation.

*The content of this article is provided by the author and does not represent the position of the Earth Knowledge Bureau

(The cover image is from [email protected]átiaLira)

END

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