In the last issue of the "Country Series", we introduced: "The Country of a Thousand Rivers" Bangladesh: the country with the densest rivers in the world, with a population of over 100 million, Today we continue to focus on South Asia, from the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal into the vast Indian Ocean to the south, to introduce an archipelago country located in the North Indian Ocean. It is also the 25th country we introduced, the "Archipelago" Maldives: the smallest country in Asia. , Has the most crowded capital in the world.
Maldives is the abbreviation of the Republic of Maldives and is a The archipelago countries in the North Indian Ocean belong to South Asia in terms of geographical divisions, about 600 kilometers from southern India and about 750 kilometers from southern Sri Lanka. The islands that make up the Maldives are "coral islands", which are the exoskeletons of corals in the ocean. It is formed by accumulation. Such islands are usually small in size and low in elevation. Coral atolls are usually found on the periphery of the island. The Maldives has a total of 1192 coral islands.
These islands in the Maldives are distributed on the vast Indian Ocean. The entire archipelago is 820 kilometers long from north to south and 130 kilometers wide from east to west. The total area of the islands is more than 90,000 square kilometers, but The total area of all islands in the Maldives is only 298 square kilometers. It is the smallest country in Asia and the ninth smallest country in the world. The Maldives islands span the equator from north to south and are mainly located in the northern hemisphere. Are two atolls, dividedDon't be Jing Aviani Atoll and Sinu Atoll.
Maldives is located in a low-latitude tropical area, with the equator passing through its south, all year round Controlled by the equatorial low-pressure zone, the updraft prevails, the surrounding sea area is vast, the oceanic climate is obvious, and the annual precipitation is more than 2000 mm. But because the islands in the Maldives are coral islands with a small area, most of them are 1To 2 square kilometers, and average altitude is only 1.2 meters. Therefore, although precipitation is abundant, there is a lack of water storage space. Maldives' freshwater resources are very lacking. The main reliance on desalination is to supplement freshwater.
Due to MaldivesThe island’s altitude is very low, so the country is one of the countries most threatened by sea level rise due to global warming. A few years ago, the Maldives cabinet also held a cabinet meeting under the sea to express concerns about global warming. Some islands with lower altitudes have been seriously threatened. The history of the Maldives began in the 5th century BC, when Aryans came to settle here, and Buddhism was also introduced to the Maldives.
By 1116 AD, the Islamic Sultanate was established, and it had gone through 6 dynasties. By the middle of the 15th century, the Maldives was controlled by India. With the advent of the Maldives, the superior geographical location was valued by people, and by the end of the 15th century Portuguese colonists began to invade. Since then, the Maldives has been controlled by Portugal, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. It was not until 1965 that it gained complete independence. Although the Maldives has a small land area, it has rich marine resources, rich in various tropical fishes, sea turtles, hawksbill, corals, shells and other resources.
The current total population of the Maldives is about 440,000 people. It is one of the least populated countries in the world. These populations are distributed on 199 inhabited islands. The capital of the Maldives is on the island of Male. The area is about 1.5 square kilometers, and the population is about 140,000, which means that one third of the population of the Maldives is in the capital Male. Male’ is a small area with a large population, and the population density is close to 100,000 per person. Square kilometers, it is the most crowded city in the world.
Maldives’ economy mainly relies on tourism and shipping, and its economic structure is relatively Single, used to be one of the least developed countries in the world. With the continuous improvement of Maldives infrastructure, the unique tropical island scenery is extremely attractive to tourists from all over the world. The development of tourism has also promoted the Maldives economy Rapid development,It has gradually become the country with the highest per capita GDP in South Asia. Paradise Island, Sun Island, Pisces Island, Laguna Island, Kani Island and other islands are all famous tourist islands.