From the perspective of history in the world, Europe is the richest and most developed region now. There are dozens of developed countries in Europe, and many of them are very rich. But we should also see that the reason why most European countries can be so developed is mainly because of the accumulation of more than 100 years, or even hundreds of years, to reach the current level. The most typical old-brand developed countries such as Britain, France, Germany, etc., have been developed for more than 200 years, and they are all based on the plundering of colonies and primitive accumulation of capital. However, Europe is also a miracle country with the fastest development speed in the world. The most typical The following country can be called the fastest growing country in Europe. It took only 30 years from the beggar country to the most developed country, and no one can surpass it so far.
This country is Ireland. Many people may want to say that there is a country of beggars in such a rich place in Europe? And the name of this country of beggars, Ireland has been called for decades. Ireland began to be completely independent in 1948. Until the 1970s, the Republic of Ireland was regarded as a beggar country in Europe. At that time, Ireland was the poorest and poorest country in Europe. It can be said that it was extremely poor.
In essence, Ireland’s basic conditions are not bad, with a land of more than 70,000 square kilometers, fertile land and a small population of only a few million, so it should be very rich. , Why is it so poor? This is mainly because Ireland has been ruled by Britain for hundreds of years, and the British Empire has been plundering it continuously, and it has been built as an agricultural base and a livestock base. There are few industries, so it has been very poor. .
In modern times, natural disasters and famines have occurred in Ireland, and the war of independence has further destroyed the entire country, so the foundation of the country’s independence was very weak , Very impoverished. In the early days of independence, Ireland was in depression, so Northern Ireland was unwilling to follow the independence of its motherland, Ireland, and chose to continue to follow Britain to protect its own life.
So throughout the 1970s, Ireland was a dark area under the lights of Europe. The country was very poor, and it was extremely poor and looked down upon by Europe, and Very despised. However, since the 1970s, Ireland has achieved rapid development, with an economic growth rate of more than 9% every year, and in just 30 years, Ireland has become one of the most developed countries in Europe. The overall GDP per capita is now more than 70,000 U.S. dollars, which is much higher than that of the United Kingdom.The fastest growing country in Europe and even the world.
This speed is the fastest in the world, and no one has Can surpass, even our country can hardly surpass. For this reason, Northern Ireland has been eager for independence and wants to return to its home country, Ireland. Many people may ask, why is Ireland developing so fast? Mainly, in the 1970s, Ireland took three major initiatives to developHome, for which the country began to develop rapidly.
The first move was to manage and improve relations with the United Kingdom.
Because after Ireland became independent, the United Kingdom has been blocking and obstructing Ireland. This makes Ireland unable to create a good peaceful environment and unable to join the European Union. Therefore, Ireland first improved its relations with the United Kingdom, creating a good surrounding environment.
Second, reform and opening up.
After joining the European Union, Ireland has continuously stepped up its reform and opening up, and has been vigorously attracting investment from Europe and the world to develop the entire Irish industry. At that time, Europe was ample of funds and lack of investment channels, so Ireland became the first choice. For this reason, under the impetus of foreign investment, Irish industry has begun to develop rapidly.progress. Moreover, it focused on finding high-end industries such as software and biotechnology, and established a special high-tech special zone, which has achieved great results.
Driven by the high-tech industry, the entire industry began to form a comprehensive The industrial system has formed advantageous industries such as electronics, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, machinery manufacturing, mining, and textiles, and the coordinated development of light industry and heavy industry. Under industrial development,The country became rich rapidly and changed with each passing day. By the 1990s, the GDP per capita basically exceeded US$40,000, making it the most developed country in Europe.
Thirdly, give full play to the advantages of agriculture.
Ireland has vast land and is very fertile, with natural farmland and pasture. So Ireland makes full use of natural conditions to improve production efficiency and automate agricultural production.Mechanized and intelligent. In just 30 years, Ireland has become an important producer of wheat, oats and potatoes in the world. It is not only self-sufficient, but also exportable. And more importantly, Ireland has also fully developed animal husbandry and has become a European animal husbandry base, especially the Irish horse breeding industry, which is well-known in the world.
In addition, Ireland has also continued to discover the tourism industry.Treating millions of people has created a lot of foreign exchange for the country. Therefore, it is precisely because of these that a European beggar country will become the most developed country in Europe within 30 years. It is second only to Switzerland and richer than Northern Europe. This makes the United Kingdom feel so embarrassed. And after seeing that the home country is rich, Northern Ireland can't sit still, and will come back to enjoy the blessing, but how simple is it!
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References: "History of Ireland", "History of Europe".