Although since the collapse of the Soviet Union There are not a few new large-tonnage surface ships built, but the frequency with which Russia launches new aircraft carrier models has always been quite high. At the 2019 Russia International Maritime Defense Exhibition (IMDS-2019) recently held in St. Petersburg, Neva Design BureauThey exhibited their latest "Dugong" (also known as Manatee) class super aircraft carrier model.
The manatee may be the Soviet Union / Russia has launched the aircraft carrier with the most ample deck area so far. It is not difficult to see from the four carrier-borne early warning aircraft models on the flight deck that the body of this cargo is real.Large, not only four pre-shipped aircraft, but also a stack of 20 Su-33 heavy carrier aircraft + MiG-29K medium carrier aircraft is also not a problem. Such ample deck area can hardly be compared with the US-made "Ford"-class nuclear-powered aircraft carrier with a full load displacement of more than 100,000 tons.
The manatee's ship island is also surprisingly small. Generally, it is difficult for aircraft carriers with conventional power to make the ship island so compact. Either the Russians have mastered some Zenith black technology, or the Neva Bureau arranged a nuclear power system for the Manatee. Generally speaking, the smaller the ship island on the aircraft carrier is, the better, the smaller means the smaller the deck area it occupies, and the more space it can free up for other purposes.
But what is quite confusing is that although the ship island has been designed so compactly, the Neva Bureau still set it up In the mid-deck position further away from the right side of the hull, the space thus freed up can accommodate three additional MiG-29Ks, but it also increases a certain risk because it is closer to the take-off and landing runway of the carrier aircraft.
It’s hard to say what kind of abacus is for the design of the Neva Bureau. But considering the only contact with Russia in the past 20 years The previous large-scale aircraft carrier reconstruction project belonged to the Indian "Chao Riwang", and the ship island part of the "Chao Riwang" modified from the Soviet "Baku" aircraft carrier was originally very close to the take-off and landing of the carrier aircraft. The runway, so maybe the Neva Bureau is the soul of the soul and the taste.
Although the Manatee class still inherits It is the most familiar ski-over deck of Russian aircraft carriers, but the Neva Bureau also designed a steam catapult system for it. In other words, the Manatee-class is a dual-carrier aircraft that uses "ski-over take-off + steam catapult take-off" Aircraft carrier in descending mode.
In recent years, Russia has been almost at the rate of a new aircraft carrier model per year Introducing the old and bringing forth the new, the 40,000-ton medium-sized aircraft carrier model launched by the Krylov Design Bureau before the Manatee Class. Similar to the Manatee Class, the main selling point of the medium-sized aircraft carrier of the Ke Bureau is also the large deck with super ample space. The more conservative and safe design scheme of "conventional power + skid-over and take-off" is adopted. Generally speaking, the practical difficulty is naturally lower.
However, whether it is a medium-sized aircraft carrier or a Manatee class, they are too far away for Russia at the moment. The only aircraft carrier that was hit by a crane last year, Kuznetsov "The ship is still recuperating, even if it can be repaired, it will have to be after 2021. Russia can't even make up the money for repairing old trousers. How can it talk about building a new aircraft carrier?