Now heavy tracked infantry fighting vehicles are more and more popular among military powers Pay attention, let’s talk about this topic today. The first mass-produced heavy infantry fighting vehicle was the "Achizarit", which was converted by Israel with the captured T-55 medium tank, and the total production reached 500. First, the turret of the T-55 tank was removed, and a compact diesel engine of General Motors was used instead of the Soviet B-55 engine, so an openable hatch was installed on the right side of the rear of the car. For the safety of the personnel in the vehicle, steel armor and reactive armor with a total weight of 17 tons were installed.
In the past, many people viewed this heavy vehicle only from the perspective of personnel safety, and did not take into account the small area of Israel. Maneuverability requirements are not high. Therefore, for the Israeli army, the tank chassis is the most reliable and durable means of transportation for personnel. Using the outdated T-55 tank to transform the "Achizarit" heavy infantry fighting vehicle seems normal. However.
Actually, Israel has been transformed before A variety of tanks make it a heavy armored personnel carrier. It’s just that there is no such thing as the degree of transformation and overall performance.To reach the level of "Achizarit". The picture shows the "Puma" heavy armored vehicle modified by Israel on the basis of the "Xunqiulun (Centurion)" tank.
Now, the crown of this heavy armored vehicle is "female "Tiger" won, which is a heavy vehicle modified from the retired "Mekava" Mk.1 main battle tank chassis. Equipped with "trophies" active defense system, the combat weight is 60 tons, and it can carry 9 infantrymen.
"FemaleThe "Tiger" can only be regarded as a heavy armored personnel carrier, because it is only equipped with a remote control weapon station equipped with a 12.7mm machine gun. In order to solve the problem of insufficient firepower, Israel is testing the installation of a remote control turret for the "Female Tiger", equipped with a 30mm cannon, 7.62 mm machine gun and anti-tank missiles.
For the United States , The research on heavy infantry fighting vehicles seems to have been very early. For example, the combat weight of the M2A3 "Bradley" infantry fighting vehicle has reached 34 tons, compared with the first batch of T-64 equipped with the Soviet army, which is only heavy. 36 tons. Of course, the protection level of the M2 "Bradley" is much worse than that of the tank. The picture shows the destroyed M2 "Bradley" infantry fighting vehicle.
Russia seems to have only a blueprint for the future in this regard. Take T- The T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle developed by the 14 "Amata" main battle tank chassis has participated in the military parade and defense exhibition, but it has never been equipped in large quantities. The latest model of T-15 (pictured) even has a remote control turret for a 57mm main gun, but it is far from being installed.
In the Soviet era, BMP-1 was the world’s first The true infantry fighting vehicles dominate, butGiven the unprecedented increase in anti-armor firepower, this kind of light armored vehicle with "thin-skinned stuffing" can no longer meet the needs of combat. On the Syrian battlefield, a large number of destroyed BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles are bloody examples.
Currently, it can absorb Israel’s Experience, develop heavy infantry fighting vehicles based on tank chassis. The weight of infantry fighting vehicles in Western countries has generally increased, which is obviously in line with the development trend of heavy infantry fighting vehicles. The German "Puma" infantry fighting vehicle with additional armor (pictured) is completely like a small tank.
Actually, the Omsk Design Bureau has previously developed a BTR-T heavy armored vehicle based on the T-55 tank, which can be installed as needed There are a variety of weapons ranging from cannons to anti-tank missiles. The main disadvantage is that the engine and transmission parts are not improved. The infantry must enter and exit from the roof hatch, which is very dangerous in actual combat.
In this regard, Ukrainian BMP-55 (pictured), BMP- 64 seems to be more successful. The chassis rotates 180°, and the rear of the car becomes the front. This can easily accommodate a crew of 10 peopleThe cabin, despite many changes, has excellent performance.
For Russia, T-15 is obviously not a reality The option, perhaps based on the retired tank, scientific transformation is a feasible option. After all, Russia has a large number of retired tanks that can be used, and the cost of transformation is lower than that of new production.