It is reported that the Russian Ministry of Defense has ordered the latest R-77-1 medium-range air-to-air missile produced by the Tactical Missile Equipment Company. The contract value is as high as 65 billion rubles (about 860 million US dollars). "Izvesiya" quoted the Russian military-industrial complex as saying that the record-breaking contract will enable all types of new fighters to be equipped with the product, thereby eliminating the shortage of modern air-to-air ammunition. Experts say that the new active terminal guidance radar gives R-77-1 a great advantage over previous models, and its performance is no less than similar foreign products.
The picture above shows a Su-35S fighter of the Russian Aerospace Forces in May this year (the tactical number is "Red 21", the registration number is RF-81867, the aircraft was manufactured in 2019), Mounted with 4 R-77-1 air-to-air missiles and two R-27 air-to-air missiles, it flew close to the US Navy’s P-8A "Poseidon" anti-submarine patrol aircraft over the Mediterranean.
The source added that the contract is already in the implementation stage and the delivery of R-77-1 medium-range air-to-air missiles is in progress. The R-77-1 medium-range air-to-air missile can take full advantage of the powerful airborne radar performance of the Su-35 and Su-57. The missile is equipped with a new active radar seeker, as well as a digital communication bus and a modified Software; even if it is interfered, it can lock the target more reliably until it hits the target.
This contract is the largest known procurement of precision guided munitions in the Russian aviation and military field. Previously, the Russian military bought a batch of missiles of the same model at a price of 13 billion rubles in 2015.
The Russian military has not disclosed the number of missiles ordered, but it is estimated that there are about thousands of them. They can not only be used on the latest Su-57 stealth fighters, but also on Su-35S and Su-34. And so on 4 + + generation fighters, even including the upgraded MiG-31BM interceptor.
Russian flight test hero Igor Malikov believes that the current situation of Russian fighters equipped with a large number of R-27 medium-range air-to-air missiles should have changed; he believes Although R-27 is very good, I have launched many, but now the new fighters are equipped with more modern digital avionics, while R-27 is an analog circuit; and the new R-77-1 medium-range air-to-air missile Don't worry about it after launch, the pilot can quickly turn his attention to other opponents.
Igor Malikov added that the R-77-1 medium-range air-to-air missile transmits the target position information to the missile-borne computer before launching. After the missile is launched, it will fly to the target area alone and arrive at the target area. Turn on the missile-borne active terminal guidance radar about 30 kilometers before the target, and let it judge which direction to attack from.
Igor Malikov concluded that this new type of medium-range air-to-air missile has greatly improved the combat effectiveness of our new fighter; in terms of its capabilities, the R-77-1 The performance of the same type of missile developed by the United States should be almost the same. .
R-77-1 air-to-air missile is designed to conduct air combat beyond visual range. With its help, the fighter can destroy flying targets 110 kilometers away; it is suitable for attacking fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters and cruise missiles, and even Can hit stealth missiles.
Agath Research Institute (located in Moscow) is an important military enterprise that develops and manufactures active terminal guidance radars for all R-77 series air-to-air missiles (R-77, RVV-AE, R-77-1). R-77-1 (Product 170-1) is a further development of R-77. Since the 1990s (National Joint Missile Test Phase), it has been developed by the "Signal Flag" State Machinery Manufacturing Design Bureau (now a Russian Tactical Missile Company). Part of) development; the project was officially publicized in 2006, but the actual test did not begin until the end of 2010; after passing a series of factory and national tests, Tactical Missile Company began mass production of R-77-1.in 2013