Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

2020-08-12 05:04:55 0 Comment 2594 views
abstract

"Hero" carries too many controversies. On the one hand, it won the top spot in Time Magazine's "2004 World's Top Ten Movies", nominated for the best f

"Hero" carries too much controversy, one On the one hand, it won the top spot in Time Magazine’s “2004 World’s Top Ten Movies”, was nominated for the best foreign language film at the 75th Academy Awards, and was also the 2002 Chinese-language movie box office champion. But on the other hand, domestic film critics criticized him for verbal criticism, and Douban scored 6.9 (slightly inferior to the standard of 7 points for good films), and Jin Yong even bluntly did not like the values ​​of "Hero".

So today Zhao Shanhe will come to talk about this landmark work that opened the era of Chinese blockbusters. Overview of the film, "hero" The most commendable form of expression is Zhang Yimou’s extraordinary use of color . Spielberg once said that he didn't understand Chinese, but he could understand the story of the movie by color. Then Zhao Shanhe started with color and analyzed Zhang Yimou's creative characteristics.


1.5 colors, telling the story of knights for the common people

"Heroes" is a bit like "Rashomon", through different characters Spell out the whole picture. It’s just that "Rashomon" did not present the truth, while "English"Xiong" is a complete story about the knight sacrificing himself and saving the common people. The narration of different characters is distinguished by different colors, namely black, red, blue, green, and white.

The background of the story is set in the last years of the Warring States Period. The unification of the Qin State is difficult to resist, so many knights wait for the opportunity to assassinate the King of Qin Yingzheng to stop the Qin army’s iron shoes. Among them, the three that caused King Qin's headache the most were Can Jian, Feixue, and Changkong. Little did they know that these three were killed by an unknown assassin.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

With this feat, Wuming was able to go to the palace to meet King Qin. At the beginning, black was the main color to describe Wuming The Shangdian tells King Qin about the assassination process.

Black can absorb all the light and represents the supreme authority. There will be a chilling air. The ancient emperor’s dress is based on Black is predominant. Before going to the temple, the officials of the Qin Dynasty checked the weapons presented by the nameless, and Zhang Yimou gave back the reaction shots of the officials (whether this smells of Kurosawa Akira). The uniform black court uniforms are neatly matched. The action, the ultra-wide-angle lens and the symmetrical composition all show the majesty of Qin Dynasty.

Zhang Yimou also likes to cover the entire screen with colors. When Qin Dynasty officials check the nameless body indoors, the screen is crowded with officials. Fullwhen. But let's think about it, such a small room doesn't need so many people to watch it, right? Is the image that is too crowded too much?

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

After Wuming finished talking about killing the sky, he arrived at the stage where he provoked Feixue and let them kill each other. This section is mainly red, which is Zhang Yimou's most familiar color. This section of red plays three roles. One is danger. At first, Qin Jun shot a wave of arrows.Killed a lot of Zhao Guo students. Under the crimson, Zhao Guo is in danger at this time, which puts pressure on Can Jian Feixue's already precarious relationship.

The second is desire. Zhang Yimou filmed a sex scene between Can Jian and Ruyue from the ceiling. Red silk symbolizes the burst of sexual desire, and outlines two The human figure has the charm of Puyi's bed scene in "The Last Emperor".

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

The third is jealousy. Jealousy is a manifestation of vitality. Wong Kar-wai said in "Earth evil and Western poison" It says that anyone can become vicious, as long as you have tried what is called jealousy . Can Jian and Feixue were originally lovers, but because of the Assassination of Qin, there was a gap between the two. Can Sword JealousZhangkong and Feixue's affair, Feixue was dissatisfied with Can Jian and Ruyue's sexual intercourse. Finally, Feixue, who lost his mind, killed Can Jian, and Wuming went on to kill Feixue with a knife.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

Speaking of this, it seems reasonable, but King Qin said that this is not the Remnant Jian Feixue he knew, and what Wuming said must be false . King Qin guessed that Wuming cooperated with the three of Changkong, in the name of the successful assassination, waiting for an opportunity to assassinate himself. Used this paragraphA lot of blue, blue represents calmness and rationality, King Qin objectively revealed the whole picture of the matter, and gave us the knowledge points that the science of science and technology passed through but not dead.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

That's nameless, why do you make this assassin? Then there is the uncovering of the bridge, and there are words in the words. First, I use green to tell the history of Remnant Sword Feixue, green represents the green and strong life. During this period, the young Canjian Feixue just fell in love, but the country was ruined and the family died, so the two met to assassinate Qin. But when it came to success, Can Jian gave up on assassinating Qin, so Can Jian Feixue did not speak for three years.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

Faced with whether or not Qin stabs Qin, Can Sword and Wuming conduct a conceptual showdown. This paragraph uses the purest white. The remnant sword dressed in white gave the nameless "world under heaven". White can be absorbedAll colors are at the top of all colors, which coincides with Can Jian's heart of the world and the great unity and peace of King Qin. Inspired by this kind of love, Wuming gave up the assassination of Qin, and used his life to complete the martyrdom of the knight's morality and the ideals of the world.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex


2. Ambiguous attitude towards power

5The colors arrange a simple story clearly, for fear that the audience will not be able to tell who is telling the story and what the story is telling. From the effect point of view, Zhang Yimou is a success. Many film critics say that this is the representative of symbolism aesthetics, which has achieved the ultimate beauty of form, but few people say why this is?

First of all, Zhang Yimou improved on what he was not good at telling stories, and distinguished story paragraphs with colors. This is a very flattering approach. It circumvents the detailed requirements of traditional scripts, such as initiation and transformation. It is very clever and speculative. Zhang Yimou has done a good job in some details. For example, black is used in the opening because according to the theory of the five elements, the Qin Dynasty is a water morality, so he is still black, and he has been more serious about the historical color details.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

In addition, Zhang Yimou’s strength, Or the ambiguous attitude of power.From the beginning of "Red Sorghum", whether it is a rural story or a triad theme, Zhang Yimou is willing to show the power of the character and the power relationship behind the characters. This is a powerful element, and he likes to use red to express it. In "Red Sorghum", "To Be Alive", "Raise the Red Lantern", "hero", there is a concentrated display of red.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

Before "Ju Dou", red showed the vitality of the character,But the red color in "Raise the Red Lantern" began to represent depression. From then on, Zhang Yimou's opposing forces, whether it is power or power, began to be contaminated with the color of wandering repeatedly. In "Hero", the pure and flawless color of white was used to sublimate this obedience to power itself, so Jin Yong criticized him for defending the tyrant.


3. Benefits of this

Many people in China not only criticize the "hero" has a simple story and satirizes Zhang Yimou as a slaveI just got used to it, and I have to defend the totalitarian system. In fact, as far as creators are concerned, he cannot simply deny his work just because of his values.

In fact, what "Hero" wants to show is nothing more than a unified view of the world and patriotism. Some people don't like it, but there are also supporters. In the past two years, the "War Wolf" series, "Red Sea Operation" proves that patriotic films also haveThe big market. Respect freedom of thought, as long as the movie you make allows me to accept this concept.

Director“s Story | “Hero“: Zhang Yimou uses color to tell a simple story complex

The old problem of Zhang Yimou's emphasis on color and ignoring characters has become "hero". Qin Dynasty promoted a unified war, which caused a large number of civilian casualties, but it also objectively allowed us posterity to enjoy stability Benefits. Actually, the dispute over Qin Shihuang’s merits and demerits essentially resulted in a dispute between justice and process justice. Nolan’s "Batman" series also talks about whether Batman can go beyond the process of the process to directly attack evil and achieve substantial justice.

Nolan used the sacrifice of Batman to resolve the contradiction, using a head-up perspective and sacrifice.But Zhang Yimou didn’t. He wanted to tell the story clearly, so he used five colors to divide the chapters. However, the unconnected color has caused the relationship between the characters and the lack of growth path. The final concept of the world still depends on QinThe king said it in plain language. Without the character of the victim, he naturally couldn't move the world.

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