With a population of only 8.5 million, there are 6,000 technology companies. The total number of start-ups is second only to Silicon Valley in the United States. Guess where this is?
Shenzhen? No! It's Israel!
"If you are looking for oil in the Middle East, you do not need to stay in Israel; but if you are looking for talent, vitality and wisdom, then Israel is the only stop."-Warren Buffett
Israel is the “Silicon Valley of the Middle East” and an “entrepreneurial country”. In terms of basic innovation, the number of innovative companies per capita in Israel ranks first in the world, and the world’s Nobel Prize winner 20% are from Israel. In terms of industrial innovation, Israel’s total number of listed companies on Nasdaq is second only to the United States and China, and exceeds the total number of all European companies.
Israel’s technology industry is the primary industry , The device contributes more than 90% of GDP!
Interestingly, behind nearly 1,000 Israeli technology companies, they all rely on a mysterious organization—Unit 8200, This is the largest intelligence agency of the Israeli Ministry of Defense.
Today, the geeks will share the story behind the Unit 8200 spy agency. Let’s study the reasons why Israel’s technology is strong
The intelligence department spawned by defeat, the power of the country comes Encourage innovation
In the 1930s, before the founding of Israel, Britain was a colonist on this land. At that time, an intelligence agency, Shin Mem 2, was established. The main task was Eavesdrop on the telephone lines of Arab tribes.
In 1948, after the founding of Israel, Shin Mem 2 was called Unit 515; in 1956, when the Second Middle East War broke out, Unit 515 was renamed Unit 848.
In 1973,The Fourth Middle East War (also known as the "Yompi War") broke out. When Egypt and Syria launched an offensive against Israel, Unit 848 was still kept in the dark, which prevented the Israeli military from responding in time, and even many intelligence personnel Captured.
The trauma caused by the war made the Israeli Ministry of Defense begin to realize the importance of the intelligence department. It reorganized the 848 unit, independent the intelligence department, and established the Unit 8200 department today. Unit 8200 has many small teams, and each team operates independently, just like small startups.
Unit 8200 is based in the Negev, which is one of the largest eavesdropping bases in the world. They are responsible for monitoring and collecting military intelligence from TV, radio, paper media and the Internet. More than half of the intelligence of the Israeli Ministry of Defense comes from Unit 8200. Initially, Unit 8200 was established to respond to potential cyber attacks from hostile countries; now, this organization has become a special forceInternet warfareIncubator.
Wix is the world’s premier advanced cloud website development platform, with a market value of $1 billion. One of the company’s co-founders is Avishai Abrahami, who developsExpert of cloud platform.
However, twenty-five years ago, the 20-year-old Ebraham was only graduating from high school and was recruited into the Israeli Ministry of Defense, which is affiliated with Unit 8200. At that time, as a recruit, he received an "impossible" task: hacking into the enemy's security network without any guidance.
said this task is "impossible" for three reasons:
- How can we hack into the empire? Security system?
- How can I crack the enemy’s encrypted information?
- How to crack the data without a computer with super computing performance?
How does Ebrahammy do it? He first hacked into the security departments of two other hostile countries and hijacked the supercomputers of these countries; and then used the supercomputers of these two countries to hack the computer systems of the target country—this is the same as the "cloud technology" that is so popular today. There are similarities in the same way, his ass was not even removed from his chair, and he completed the task brilliantly.
Twenty years later, backRecalling this past event, Ebrahammy is still full of emotion:
At the time, if I were to work with a computer professional researcher to complete the military’s The task, I estimated it would take a year; but in fact, I only took a day to complete it.
Although it is a national institution, it operates like Google and Facebook, becoming the cradle of talents
Unit 8200 is extremely special In many respects, its operation is more similar to a high-tech innovation enterprise.
Unit 8200 will look for students with superior analytical skills as its candidates across the country, and only the best talents can Join. All soldiers of this organization must pass the computer and network security courses set up for them by the Israeli Ministry of Defense. These courses will involve digital analysis, digital mining, intelligence management, etc.
Unit 8200’s organizational culture is also very similar to innovative companies. Unit 8200 soldiers will be distributed in groups In a small team, everyone will carry a very advanced computer along with the sound. Soldiers have to use limited resources to complete the task. In some cases, it is a matter of life and death. According to a former Unit 8200 The senior officer stated that Unit 8200 encourages soldiers to challenge their superiors and authority.Just follow the rules.
In 2010, Unit 8200 produced the Stuxnet computer worm, which infected most of the world’s industrial computer systems, invaded the computer systems of Iran’s Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant, and paralyzed the centrifuges in the nuclear reactor.
In any country in the world, you can’t find a second unit like Unit 8200, which has a military background and is closely related to academic institutions and businesses. Department of Defense to contact. Unit 8200 has its own system of education for talent training. They will even recruit people with zero computer or programming foundation, and then train them into excellent programmers.
The selection, training, and organizational culture of talents make Unit 8200 have the characteristics of a technological innovation enterprise. It is precisely because of this that Unit 8200 can incubate batches of outstanding technology companies:
- Cloud security company Adallom was acquired by Microsoft for US$320 million
- Onav, a traffic monitoring companyo Acquired by Facebook for US$150 million
- The information security company CyActive was acquired by PayPal for US$60 million
In recent years, Microsoft , Google, Oracle and other technology companies are very eager to recruit talents from Unit 8200.
Geek has something to say
Geek Jun thinks that Unit 8200 is a very interesting case. It can be said to be a stone of other mountains under the New World Order. No matter what stage of the Sino-US technological war, China’s path to innovation is unstoppable, but let’s take a look. What tools and methods can be used for reference:
The government shares risks, but does not share benefits: Companies that enter the incubator Israel provide low-interest preferential loans for two years, failing to start their own businesses In the meantime, the government’s investment in incubation projects accounted for as high as 85%. After successful incubation, theIndustry investment institutions take over operations.
Support innovation, but open to the world:Israel also plays the role of "fund of funds" to provide financial support for seed-stage technology startups. In 1993, the Israeli government invested 100 million US dollars to establish 10 venture capital funds. The government's share of investment accounts for 40%, but it is stipulated that the remaining 60% must include foreign venture capital companies.